Should Christians Keep the Feast Days?

By Michael Cudmore, Audio: mp3

1 Corinthian 7 Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us: 8 Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened [bread] of sincerity and truth.

It’s been a topic that has been in my heart for a while. My experience in America was one that really taught me quite a lot. I met some people who have a keen interest in the feast days and prompted me to study. Let us pray our way through the word and see if we can gleans messages of truth and hearing.

Exodus 24:7 And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that the LORD hath said will we do, and be obedient.

That was the old covenant that Jews made that with the Lord back in Sinai but we all know that the old covenant there wasn’t said any salvation in it. Nevertheless we have lessons to learn from it.

Jeremiah 31:31 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: 32 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day [that] I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD: 33 But this [shall be] the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.

The purpose of this presentation today is to meditate upon how the Lord has taken the law and placed it in the hearts of His people.

Galatians 2:16 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.

There was no any salvation in the old covenant nevertheless we know that through the law is the knowledge of sin. But what about the feast days? The feast days were part of the old covenant as well. Let’s have a look at them. The feast days were instituted after the Lord gave the law from Sinai. Part of the extra sanctuaries says, the Lord as we read it in Exodus 25 as the Lord was giving most instruction on the construction of the sanctuary in the wilderness, the in the temple in the wilderness. Let’s see if we can glean something about the sanctuary.

Exodus 25:40 And look that thou make [them] after their pattern, which was shewed thee in the mount.

Exodus 26:30 And thou shalt rear up the tabernacle according to the fashion thereof which was shewed thee in the mount.

Exodus 27:8 Hollow with boards shalt thou make it: as it was shewed thee in the mount, so shall they make [it].

The Lord showed Moses when he was constructing the sanctuary in the wilderness something in the mount. Let us find out what that is.

Hebrews 8:1 Now of the things which we have spoken [this is] the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens;

8:2 A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man.

8:3 For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore [it is] of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer.

8:4 For if he were on earth, he should not be a priest, seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the law:

8:5 Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, [that] thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount.

8:6 But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises.

And we read that promise just before just in Jeremiah 31. So as we can see there that the sanctuary that was built in the wilderness and the service that shrouded it we are given shown to Moses in that mount. But the Lord showed Moses the original and he created in the wilderness as a type and object lesson if you will of the whole plan of salvation from start o finish. What was the Jews experience? What was happening in their life? What was happening in their administration?

The Jews Experience

Amos 5:18 Woe unto you that desire the day of the LORD! to what end [is] it for you? the day of the LORD [is] darkness, and not light.

5:19 As if a man did flee from a lion, and a bear met him; or went into the house, and leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him.

5:20 [Shall] not the day of the LORD [be] darkness, and not light? even very dark, and no brightness in it?

5:21 I hate, I despise your feast days, and I will not smell in your solemn assemblies.

5:22 Though ye offer me burnt offerings and your meat offerings, I will not accept [them]:neither will I regard the peace offerings of your fat beasts.

The Lord showed Moses the sanctuary and the sanctuary service in the mount and Lord constructed it after the pattern. But there was no virtue, there was no salvation I should say in the Old Testament. But the types and shadows shine forth the Christ Ministry as a high priest in the heavenly sanctuary which the Lord pitched and not men.

The Passover was followed by the seven days’ feast of unleavened bread. On the second day of the feast, the first fruits of the year’s harvest, a sheaf of barley, was presented before the Lord. All the ceremonies of the feast were types of the work of Christ. The deliverance of Israel from Egypt was an object lesson of redemption, which the Passover was intended to keep in memory. The slain lamb, the unleavened bread, the sheaf of first fruits, represented the Saviour. {DA 77.1}

Let’s explore that further now as we go through the feast days, one by one, all seven of them.

7 Days Feast – Passover

The first feast in the Jewish year is the Passover

Leviticus 23:5 In the fourteenth [day] of the first month at even [is] the LORD’S passover.

Exodus 12:3 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth [day] of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of [their] fathers, a lamb for an house:

This is just one of the parts of the Passover feast. We’re going to explore the other different parts and consider what’s happening in the New Testament and we can see something of correlation.

Exodus 12:5Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take [it] out from the sheep, or from the goats:

12:6 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.

12:46 In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth ought of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall ye break a bone thereof.

Exodus 12:8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; [and] with bitter [herbs] they shall eat it.

We have a few distinguishing characteristics of the Passover feast here. They take the lamb on the tenth day of the month and they set it apart and they keep it until the fourteenth day of the first month and then they kill it on the fourteenth day. So four days they have it the actual Passover lamb with them set apart from another animals and they inspect it to see that the lamb is without blemish. There must be a male first year and on the fourteenth day they slay that lamb. And they will eat the lamb in the evening with bitter herbs.

Christ’s Ministry

John 11:47 Then gathered the chief priests and the Pharisees a council, and said, What do we? for this man doeth many miracles.

11:48 If we let him thus alone, all [men] will believe on him: and the Romans shall come and take away both our place and nation.

11:49 And one of them, [named] Caiaphas, being the high priest that same year, said unto them, Ye know nothing at all,

11:50 Nor consider that it is expedient for us, that one man should die for the people, and that the whole nation perish not.

11:51 And this spake he not of himself: but being high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus should die for that nation;

11:52 And not for that nation only, but that also he should gather together in one the children of God that were scattered abroad.

11:53 Then from that day forth they took counsel together for to put him to death.

11:54 Jesus therefore walked no more openly among the Jews; but went thence unto a country near to the wilderness, into a city called Ephraim, and there continued with his disciples.

So we can see there that some days before the Passover, Christ was set apart that He would be slain and He was not committed to work openly with the Jews anymore.

John 18:28 Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover.

So the Passover was the same time the Christ’s crucifixion was going to take place. We can see clearly from the scriptures, the text in John clarifies that. Christ was crucified from the Passover at the day.

John 19:32 Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him.

John 19:33 But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs:

John 19:34 But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.

John 19:35 And he that saw it bare record, and his record is true: and he know that he said true, that ye might believe.

John 19:36 For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken.

And they were fulfilled, Christ the Passover was slain on the Passover and not a bone of Him was broke. And we can read now in the text we considered in our introduction

1 Corinthians 5:7 Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us:

1 Corinthians 5:8 Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened [bread] of sincerity and truth.

Christ is our Passover and we can clearly see now that Christ fulfilled Passover of the feast in His ministry at His first advent on Calvary. But what about the feast? Let’s consider a little bit more.

Mat 26:26 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed [it], and brake [it], and gave [it] to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body.

Mat 26:27 And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave [it] to them, saying, Drink ye all of it;

Mat 26:28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.

Christ was standing at the point of transition between two economies and their two great festivals. He, the spotless Lamb of God, was about to present Himself as a sin offering, that He would thus bring to an end the system of types and ceremonies that for four thousand years had pointed to His death. As He ate the Passover with His disciples, He instituted in its place the service that was to be the memorial of His great sacrifice. The national festival of the Jews was to pass away forever. The service which Christ established was to be observed by His followers in all lands and through all ages. {DA 652.2}

The Passover was obtained in commemoration of the deliverance of Israel from Egyptian bondage. God had directed that year by year as His children should ask the meaning of ordinance if history should be repeated thus the wonderful deliverance was to be kept fresh in the minds of all. The ordinance of the Lord’s super was given to commemorate the great deliverance wrote out through the result of the death of Christ. Too He shall come, second time in glory. The ordinance is to be celebrated, it is the means by His great work for us is to be kept fresh in their minds.

On the fourteenth day of the month, at even, the Passover was celebrated, its solemn, impressive ceremonies commemorating the deliverance from bondage in Egypt, and pointing forward to the sacrifice that should deliver from the bondage of sin. When the Saviour yielded up His life on Calvary, the significance of the Passover ceased, and the ordinance of the Lord’s Supper was instituted as a memorial of the same event of which the Passover had been a type. {PP 539.5}

At this hour the priests were preparing to slay the lamb at the temple but they were arrested in their work. All nature responded to that cry of agony from the Son of God. The earth reeled to and fro and the unseen hands rent the veil of the temple from the top to the bottom showing by unmistakable sign the type had met unti-type, the shadow had met the substance which cast the shadow. No longer was man to approach God by means of offerings of animals but he was to come boldly to the throne of grace and present his requests in the precious name of Christ our Passover.

That was the Passover, the fourteenth day of the first month. But the Passover was directly followed by another feast. It was the 7 days feast and the first day was a holy convocation. That is the feast of unleavened bread

The Feast of the Unleavened Bread

Leviticus 23:6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month [is] the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread. Leviticus 23:7 In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.

The actual first day of the feast of unleavened bread which is on the fifteenth day directly following the Passover is in holy convocation, the Sabbath the ceremony of Sabbath the Lord ordained that it will be kept as a day of rest.

John 19:31 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and [that] they might be taken away.

An high day mentioned here is when a ceremonial Sabbath falls on the same day as the actual Sabbath. At the creation of the world the Lord had set aside the seventh day is an holy and sanctified rest day. From Sinai the Lord again echoed the reminder; remember the Sabbath day for in six days the Lord created. And Christ after completing His mission in rescuing souls was laid to rest and kept the Sabbath day even in death. Christ slept of the Sabbath day and ceased from His own works.

Luke 23:50 And, behold, [there was] a man named Joseph, a counsellor; [and he was] a good man, and a just:

23:51 (The same had not consented to the counsel and deed of them;) [he was] of Arimathaea, a city of the Jews: who also himself waited for the kingdom of God.

23:52 This [man] went unto Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus.

23:53 And he took it down, and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a sepulchre that was hewn in stone, wherein never man before was laid.

23:54 And that day was the preparation, and the sabbath drew on.

23:55 And the women also, which came with him from Galilee, followed after, and beheld the sepulchre, and how his body was laid.

23:56 And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.

If Christ had done away with the Sabbath day, why were His followers still keeping the Sabbath day? This was given as an example also in unleavened bread. That Christ was crucified and laid to rest on the Sabbath day. That the sinner must die to self. The works of the flesh must be laid in the grave.

Romans 6:2 God forbid. How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein?

Another nice part in this fantastic book (0:26:19) regarding the feast of the unleavened bread page 405

As the western sun was harrowing to the world the approach of the holy Sabbath of the Lord from cross of Calvary the Son of God proclaimed the words of redemption finished so the work of redemption finished. That work was to affect the entire creation and although wicked men understood not the meaning of those mystic words it is finished all nature respondent as if it were leaped for joy even a sword works were rent asunder. God designed that this dependence event should be recognized by humanity. And as those living in even gazing upon the scene were unconscious of the significance. Sleeping saints are awaken from the graves to proclaim the glad news. The work of redemption was complete on the sixth day and as God rested after the wok of creation so Jesus rested in (0:27:27) tomb during the sacred hours of that holy Sabbath and it was high Sabbath as well.

His followers rested also for He had taught them obedience to His Fathers Holy law. He had forbidden any to think that even a jot or title of the law could be changed so no law of the Lord could be changed. For 4,000 years the Sabbath have been observe as a memorial of creation. But after the Savior died upon the cross He was doubly blessed being a memorial of redemption as well as of creation.

Dying to Self

The converted Christian dies to self. The work s of the flesh are left in the grave.

Hebrews 4:10 For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God [did] from his.

The work of creation finished and God rested on the Sabbath day. The work of redemption complete and again the Lord rested on the Sabbath day, the feast of unleavened bread. But following that Sabbath is the day the feast of first fruits.

Leviticus 23:10 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the first fruits of your harvest unto the priest:

Leviticus 23:11 And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.

This is talking about on the morrow after the ceremony of the Sabbath of the feast of the unleavened bread. And we know indeed that that was on the weekly Sabbath day at Calvary but it was kept as a memorial Sabbath in the actual Jewish economy even if it didn’t fall on the Sabbath day so that would be on the sixteenth day of the first month.

1 Corinthians 15:20 But now is Christ risen from the dead, [and] become the firstfruits of them that slept.

15:23 But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ’s at his coming.

Paul obviously here looks at Christ as being the first fruit of them that slept when He was raised on the day after Sabbath, on Sunday.

Luke 24:21 But we trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed Israel: and beside all this, to day is the third day since these things were done.

24:22 Yea, and certain women also of our company made us astonished, which were early at the sepulchre;

Luke 24:23 And when they found not his body, they came, saying, that they had also seen a vision of angels, which said that he was alive.

This is an important text to consider because it’s the third day since this had happened. We know that the Passover was on a Friday we know that the Sabbath, the feast of the unleavened bread was on the Sabbath day because Passover was on the fourteenth day and the unleavened bread is on the fifteenth day and they didn’t go to the tomb on the Sabbath day. On the sixteenth day was not a Sabbath day. They did go to the tomb. It clearly shows here that for those who have chances about what day the crucifixion was on or what day resurrection was on if you look in the feast it gives you a very clear understanding of how Christ’s ministry was a fulfillment of that.

Romans 6:3 Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death?

6:4 Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death:that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.

6:5 For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also [in the likeness] of [his] resurrection:

Christ was laid to rest on a Friday and slept on a Saturday and was risen on a Sunday. As we discussed earlier that the sinner used to die to the works of the flesh and had to be laid on the grave and baptism is a symbol of that. And as you came up from the water, you came up I a new creature to live life a new in Christ Jesus. Baptism is a very striking symbol of first fruits where you’re laid in the grave and then you’re raised up from the grave to live life a new in Christ Jesus. And Christ Jesus was raised up on the Sunday, on the day of the day of fruits.

The Jewish Feast

Consider another part of the Jewish feast. The Jewish’s feast surround the economy of the Jewish culture with their harvest and with the rains, and with the services they had to all come together or gather together with the feast days. The Feasts that we’ve been discussing thus further are the spring feast and none of the harvest was to take place until the first feast of first fruits was take place. We read that before in Leviticus 23 where it said that there was to bring the sheath of the first harvest unto the priest and the sheaf waved before the Lord to be accepted, it was not until it was done that they were allowed to go forth with the harvest.

The Harvest

Mathew 27:52 And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose,

27:53 And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many.

The harvest is referred too many times in the scripture but it’s the harvest of souls. The Jewish economy was surrounded around the harvest of the grains. The resurrection of those that slept as well as Jesus who were raised here as we read in Mathew 27. They were a token of what was to come.

Those who had been raised represented as trophies to the heavenly universe. Samples of the resurrection of all who received and believe in Jesus Christ as their personal Savior. They were a symbol of the final resurrection of the righteous and harvest. The same power that raised Christ from the dead will raise His church. As He abides and glorifies it with Christ above all principalities, all power, above every name that is named not only in the world but in the heavenly courts and the world above. Christ was the first fruits of them that slept. This very sin, the resurrection of Christ form the dead was observed in a type by the Jews at one of the sacred feast called the feast of the Jews. They came up to the temple when the first fruits had been gathered in and they held the feast of thanks giving. The first fruits of the harvest of the crop was sacredly dedicated to the Lord. As Christ ascends while in the act of blessing His disciples with an army of angels encircling Him as a (0:37:31) Christ takes Him the multitude of captives as His trophies. He will Himself bring to the Father the first fruits of them that slept present them to God as an assurance that He is conqueror over death and the grave. So just as the high priest wave the actual sheath in the feast of first fruits Christ presented those who were risen, at His resurrection, before God in the heavenly sanctuary which the Lord pitched not the earthly one.(0:38:8)

The slaying of the Passover lamb was a shadow of the death of Christ. Says Paul:“Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us.” 1 Corinthians 5:7. The sheaf of first fruits, which at the time of the Passover was waved before the Lord, was typical of the resurrection of Christ. Paul says, in speaking of the resurrection of the Lord and of all His people:“Christ the first fruits; afterward they that are Christ’s at His coming.” 1 Corinthians 15:23. Like the wave sheaf, which was the first ripe grain gathered before the harvest, Christ is the first fruits of that immortal harvest of redeemed ones that at the future resurrection shall be gathered into the garner of God. {GC 399.2}

These types were fulfilled, not only as to the event, but as to the time. On the fourteenth day of the first Jewish month, the very day and month on which for fifteen long centuries the Passover lamb had been slain, Christ, having eaten the Passover with His disciples, instituted that feast which was to commemorate His own death as “the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.” That same night He was taken by wicked hands to be crucified and slain. And as the antitype of the wave sheaf our Lord was raised from the dead on the third day, “the first fruits of them that slept,” a sample of all the resurrected just, whose “vile body” shall be changed, and “fashioned like unto His glorious body.” Verse 20; Philippians 3:21. {GC 399.3}

The Feast of Weeks

Lev 23:15 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete:

23:16 Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD.

It is called the feast of the weeks, because it is a week of weeks, seven days in a week, seven weeks.

Deu 16:16 Three times in a year shall all thy males appear before the LORD thy God in the place which he shall choose; in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles: and they shall not appear before the LORD empty:

So when they appeared before the Lord as we looked at the feast of the first fruit that would bring the first of their fruits to the Lord before the actual harvest were in. But then the feast of weeks was a feast of harvest the first fruits of their labor.

Exodus 23:16 And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy labours, which thou hast sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering, [which is] in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy labours out of the field.

In the feast of harvest the first fruits of their labor will be offered before the Lord at Pentecost

Deu 16:9Seven weeks shalt thou number unto thee: begin to number the seven weeks from [such time as] thou begin [to put] the sickle to the corn.

They would not put the sicle to the corn until the wave sheath had been offered.

16:10 And thou shalt keep the feast of weeks unto the LORD thy God with a tribute of a freewill offering of thine hand, which thou shalt give [unto the LORD thy God], according as the LORD thy God hath blessed thee:

Pentecost of the Feast of Weeks

Act 2:1 And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.

2:2 And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting.

2:3 And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them.

2:4 And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.

2:5 And there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven.

They were there are three feasts during the year at the Passover and at the feats of Pentecost and the feast of Tabernacles that will appeared before the Lord at Jerusalem.

2:41 Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added [unto them] about three thousand souls.

Christ at His resurrections the disciples were overjoyed that He was risen but fifty days later after Christ had ascended He send the Holy spirit to bless the actual work and to be with the disciples and the harvest at the actual feats of Pentecost. Three thousand souls as a result of the outpouring of the holy Spirit were the feast of harvest. So we cans see that the spring feast now has a full man in Christ’s Ministry at His first advent, the Passover at His crucifixion, the feast of the unleavened bread as He rested on the Sabbath day, first fruits as He was risen, went to heaven and presented those who also were raised before the Lord and Pentecost when the holy spirit was poured upon the disciples fifty days later. But what about the (0:45:06)? First the one of the (0:45:10) is the feast of trumpets.

Feast of trumpets

Leviticus 23:24 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first [day] of the month, shall ye have a Sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation.

23:25 Ye shall do no servile work [therein]:but ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

23:26 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying,

23:27 Also on the tenth [day] of this seventh month [there shall be] a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

In the seventh month in the first day of the month the trumpets, were blown. This was to announce the approach of the day of atonement.

Numbers 10:3 And when they shall blow with them, all the assembly shall assemble themselves to thee at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

Trumpets were use in different things in Jewish tradition in their economy. To announce a new month, there was a call to war, and there was a call to the feast – the feast of trumpets among other things. There was a call for people to remember to keep in mind the things that were taking place. Trumpets were messages or warnings.

Rev 14:6 And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people,

14:7 Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come:and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.

In the first angel’s message we see a call, a herald of the judgment approach, the feasts of trumpets was that as well. It was a call to herald the approach of the day of atonement – judgment.

In 1833 Miller received a license to preach, from the Baptist Church, of which he was a member. A large number of the ministers of his denomination also approved his work, and it was with their formal sanction that he continued his labors. {GC 332.1}

In 1833 – 1834 Will Miller began to preach the first angel’s message, the call to the judgment. Ten years prior to the ending of the 2300 day prophecy a message was given in 1833 – 1834. William Miller began to preach of the judgment arm in America. Others also of the time began to preach the same message; Joseph Holf and etcetera. God’s people heard the trumpet sound and Adventists abroad were drawn together in to the judgment, our message. The advent movement was massive, it wasn’t just like a few denominations, it was huge.

Leviticus 23;27 Also on the tenth [day] of this seventh month [there shall be] a day of atonement:it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

Lev 23:28 And ye shall do no work in that same day:for it [is] a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before the LORD your God 23:29 For whatsoever soul [it be] that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people.

23:30 And whatsoever soul [it be] that doeth any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people.

23:31 Ye shall do no manner of work:[it shall be] a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

23:32 It [shall be] unto you a Sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls:in the ninth [day] of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your Sabbath.

Daniel 8:14 And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.

That was the message that drove the first advent movement there. The longest bible prophecy ending in 1844 marked the commencement of the day of atonement coming ten years after the judgment in our message began with the feast of trumpets. Ten years prior to the day of atonement the great disappointment in in 1833 and 1844 William Miller began to preach the judgment – our message. Ten days before the day of atonement in the Jewish economy the trumpets where blown to announce that the approach of the day of atonement.

Acts 3:19 Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of the Lord;

It’s interesting that the bible talks about the blotting out of sins here in acts because they hadn’t taken place yet. In the Jewish economy the day of atonement servers was to removed the record of sins from the sanctuary and take it away, blot it out. And in acts we read that this hadn’t taken place yet. The day of attainment clearly had not been fulfilled at the first advent of Jesus Christ.

In like manner the types which relates to the second advent must be fulfilled at the time pointed it out in the symbolic service. Under the Mosaic systems the cleansing of the sanctuary or the great day of atonement occurred on the tenth day of the seventh Jewish month. When the high priest having made an atonement for all of the Israel and thus remove their sins from the sanctuary came forth and blessed the people. So it was believed that Christ as our great high priest would appear to purify the earth by the destruction of sinners and bless His waiting people with immortality. The tenth day of the seventh month the great day of atonement was the time of the cleansing of the sanctuary which in the year 1844 fell upon the twenty second of October was regarded as the time of the Lord’s coming. This was in harmony with the proofs that were represented that 2300 days would terminate in the autumn and the conclusion seemed irresistible because the great day of atonement was one of the autumn feast. But there is a time where there is the end of reconciliation after the blotting out of sins which we read there which will take place after the refreshing.

Revelations 22:11 He that is unjust, let him be unjust still:and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still:and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still:and he that is holy, let him be holy still.

As Jesus moved out of the most holy place, I heard the tinkling of the bells upon His garment; and as He left, a cloud of darkness covered the inhabitants of the earth. There was then no mediator between guilty man and an offended God. While Jesus had been standing between God and guilty man, a restraint was upon the people; but when He stepped out from between man and the Father, the restraint was removed and Satan had entire control of the finally impenitent. It was impossible for the plagues to be poured out while Jesus officiated in the sanctuary; but as His work there is finished, and His intercession closes, there is nothing to stay the wrath of God, and it breaks with fury upon the shelterless head of the guilty sinner, who has slighted salvation and hated reproof. In that fearful time, after the close of Jesus’ mediation, the saints were living in the sight of a holy God without an intercessor. Every case was decided, every jewel numbered. Jesus tarried a moment in the outer apartment of the heavenly sanctuary, and the sins which had been confessed while He was in the most holy place were placed upon Satan, the originator of sin, who must suffer their punishment. {EW 280.2}This placed upon ahead of Satan.

Leviticus 16:20 And when he hath made an end of reconciling the holy [place], and the tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar, he shall bring the live goat:

16:21 And Aaron shall lay both his hands upon the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions in all their sins, putting them upon the head of the goat, and shall send [him] away by the hand of a fit man into the wilderness:

16:22 And the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities unto a land not inhabited:and he shall let go the goat in the wilderness.

This goat also known as (0:56:55) which clearly understood to be a representation of Satan.

Daniel 7:9 I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days did sit, whose garment [was] white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool:his throne [was like] the fiery flame, [and] his wheels [as] burning fire.

7:10 A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him:thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him:the judgment was set, and the books were opened.

This judgment that we read about here is the day of atonement, it’s the attainment the investigative judgment. We know that from history following the first angel’s message of Revelations 14, there are two other messages. The second and third angel’s messages were announced in the fall of Babylon one the mark of the beast. The day of atonement was not only a feast but it was also a Sabbath. The day of atonement was kept as a Sabbath. Anyone who did any work then would be put to death, be cut off.

Hebrews 4:10 For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God [did] from his.

Again the day of atonement is a solemn time, where we have to cease from our own works and let the Lord do His works through us. But after the administration of the day of atonement and the high priest came out and pronounced the blessing upon the people the papal it was a joyous time, their sins had been taken away.

Leviticus 23:34 peak unto the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month [shall be] the feast of tabernacles [for] seven days unto the LORD. 23:35 On the first day [shall be] an holy convocation:ye shall do no servile work [therein].

23:36 Seven days ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD:on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD:it [is] a solemn assembly; [and] ye shall do no servile work [therein].

Leviticus 23:40 And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before the LORD your God seven days.

23:41 And ye shall keep it a feast unto the LORD seven days in the year. [It shall be] a statute for ever in your generations:ye shall celebrate it in the seventh month.

23:42 Ye shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in booths:

The tents had a very significant meaning.

Hebrews 11:13 These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of [them], and embraced [them], and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth.

The feast of tabernacle – is a feast of booths – was to bring to mind this earth is not our home, we are strangers and pilgrims here. Nevertheless they came together on the feast of tabernacles to give thanks for the blessings of the harvest because this is in autumn, the harvest had ended with the close of the day of atonement and they were giving thanks for how the Lord led them in the past year, have the Lord to bless their harvest and take away their sins through the sanctuary service.

In the seventh month came the Feast of Tabernacles, or of ingathering. This feast acknowledged God’s bounty in the products of the orchard, the olive grove, and the vineyard. It was the crowning festal gathering of the year. The land had yielded its increase, the harvests had been gathered into the granaries, the fruits, the oil, and the wine had been stored, the first fruits had been reserved, and now the people came with their tributes of thanksgiving to God, who had thus richly blessed them. {PP 540.2}

At these yearly assemblies the hearts of old and young would be encouraged in the service of God, while the association of the people from the different quarters of the land would strengthen the ties that bound them to God and to one another. Well would it be for the people of God at the present time to have a Feast of Tabernacles—a joyous commemoration of the blessings of God to them. As the children of Israel celebrated the deliverance that God had wrought for their fathers, and His miraculous preservation of them during their journeyings from Egypt, so should we gratefully call to mind the various ways He has devised for bringing us out from the world, and from the darkness of error, into the precious light of His grace and truth. {PP 540.6}

The Feast of Tabernacles was not only commemorative but typical. It not only pointed back to the wilderness sojourn, but, as the feast of harvest, it celebrated the ingathering of the fruits of the earth, and pointed forward to the great day of final ingathering, when the Lord of the harvest shall send forth His reapers to gather the tares together in bundles for the fire, and to gather the wheat into His garner. At that time the wicked will all be destroyed. They will become “as though they had not been.” Obadiah 16. And every voice in the whole universe will unite in joyful praise to God. Says the revelator, “Every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honor, and glory, and power, be unto Him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb forever and ever.” Revelation 5:13. {PP 541.2}

The feastt of tabernacles is when Christ returns. But nevertheless we should always keep in mind that we are strangers and pilgrims here on earth and that the Lord has brought us out Egypt, out of era, out of evil into His great light. And we need to give thanks for that. Where would we be if we had a east of tabernacles? To commemorate how the Lord has led us.

As we can see, the great and original that was represented by the feasts as they were ordained as part of the Jewish economy is the PASSOVER, UNLEAVENED BREAD, FIRST FRUITS, PENTECOSSTE TRUMPETS,, DAY OF ATTAINMENT AND TABERNACLES. They were in a sense of rehearsal of the plan of salvation every year. The Jews every year would go through the same feast ceremonies to draw to mind the lessons that weshould be keeping in mind in our Christian experience.

Mathew 5:18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.

And if the feasts are still to be kept but not with the old leaven of the yearly rehearsal we have much more grant calling. God’s people have to keep the feast days through His history in anti-type. To learn from rehearsals of what the Jews practiced and seek to serve God in spirit and in truth. God’s people kept the feast of Passover at Christ’s crucifixion. Gods’ people kept the feast of unleavened bread with Christ in the grave. God’s people kept the feast of first fruits when Christ raised from the grave on the day after the Sabbath of unleavened bread. And when He presented those who had been risen in heaven and heavenly sanctuary as a wave sheath. And Pentecost was kept by Christians when the holy spirit was poured out upon them at Pentecost fifty days later. The trumpet was blown in 1833 when William Miller gave the advent message announcing the day of atonement. He may not have understood it and if he understood it he probably not have given it the glory that God had intended it to be given. In 1844 Christ came into the most holy place and commenced the work of the investigative judgment. To look at the record of sin and to cleanse that record of sin. And when Christ returns and has finished His work of the investigative judgment there will be a glorious feast of the tabernacles when we give thanks to the Lord, how He has led us out of the bondage of sin into the marvelous life.

1 Corinthian 5:7 Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us

5:8 Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth


Further reading;

Posted on October 21, 2011, in Ceremonial Laws, Short Studies. Bookmark the permalink. 8 Comments.

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